A machine that uses thread to stitch fabric and other materials together is called a sewing machine. The main purpose behind the invention of sewing machines was to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed by workers of several companies. The credit to the invention of the first working sewing machine goes The English Inventor and Cabinet Maker, Thomas Saint in the year 1970. It is not known whether Saint really manufactured a working model of his creation. The patent depicts a bit that punched a gap in calfskin and went a needle through the gap. A later propagation of Saint’s creation in light of his patent drawings did not work.
In 1810, German, Balthasar Krems imagined a programmed machine for sewing tops. Krems did not patent his development and it never worked well.
Austrian tailor, Josef Madersperger made a few endeavours at developing a machine for sewing and was issued a patent in 1814. The majority of his endeavours were viewed as unsuccessful.
In 1804, a French patent was conceded to Thomas Stone and James Henderson for “a machine that copied hand sewing.” That same year a patent was allowed to Scott John Duncan for a “weaving machine with various needles.” Both innovations fizzled and were soon overlooked by the general population.
In 1818, the principal American sewing machine was imagined by John Adams Doge and John Knowles. Their machine neglected to sew any helpful measure of texture before breaking down. The categories of sewing machines can be broadly divided into two streams, namely, Industrial Sewing machines and Home Sewing Machines.
Though further details on the over said terms will be provided as we move ahead.
The textile industry has grown in ways unimaginable. As vast as it gets are the lengths of the industry. But, what we should not forget is that, the very growth of today’s global scale industry started from nowhere but just a piece of thread and a needle. Yes indeed, these two are the most essential part of the dynasty.
Though in earlier times, only people were seen sewing or stitching clothes. But with the passage of time came a revolution which introduced machinery in the world of clothes which made the world even brighter.
The stories of the first sewing machines however lack the aura of success. The cause of this failure was odd, the inventors tried to develop machines that could mimic the motion of hands but it never worked.
The breakthrough finally struck in the year 1830, when Barthelemy Thimonnier (1793 – 1857) a French embroiderer invented a machine, rather an embroidery machine that adopted a traditional yet modified hooked embroidery needle. It had a hook near the point of the needle to sew basic and easy chain stitches. Though the machine was not up to the mark for the stitches it made were too weak to produce strong seams. This went on for some time, for in every few years, someone else would come up with a better model of the machine, but none of them achieved perfection soon enough.